Related political - page 2

Mostly in German, this site has links to others covering Left student politics in the period 1964-77. In turn these can be used to reach other research sites.

Germany 1964 - 1968

In this and numerous additional pages on-line, the United States State Department documents what the people at the top were saying to each other-- and some of it is pretty candid. Our leaders were dealing with the same problems as we common soldiers were, but at a different level. In the later parts of this discussion, American and German politicians and diplomats cope with the linkage of many issues sometimes thought of as separate by the casual reader. Clearly, the war in Vietnam was complicating U.S. relations with Europe and leaders on both sides found themselves frustrated by this. These documents set the stage for 1969 and the subsequent negotiations between East and West. For example:

  78192. NATUS. Ref: Bonn's 5716./2/ Subj: Dealing with French Obstructionism on

  Berlin and All-German Matters.

  /2/Telegram 5716, November 29, made recommendations for dealing with possible

  French obstructionism. (Ibid.)

  1. Department agrees with your assessment of French obstructionsim on Berlin and

  All-German matters. We also agree that we may have to move independently on

  important cases when we meet French intransigence, to the extent of acquainting FRG

  Foreign Office with our view. We think that from past experience in such cases we

  have, at least, demonstrated to the Germans where the obstacle lies.

Germany and Berlin - 1969 - 1972

Released -- in 2009 -- hundreds of pages revealing the U.S. side of the negotiations on the status of Berlin and the U.S. role in the "three-dimensional chess game" of diplomacy involving the Western Allies, the two Germanies, the Warsaw Pact nations and many others. In these pages, which include candid excerpts from the Nixon tapes, we learn that they shared some of the same excitement and concerns of GI's stationed in Berlin and diplomats participating in the Four Power negotiations. The complex interrelationships of this period draw in links with the Vietnam War, nuclear arms, the Soviet-Chinese border tension, and eventually, the American opening to China.

His work described in English.

Willy Brandt, first known to Americans as the articulate mayor of West Berlin, actually Lord Mayor in British terms, led West Germans as their federal chancellor toward settlement of their issues with the governments of Eastern Europe. His work was at once exciting in opening up new possibilities, and considered risky by those who were concerned that he would "give away" too much, or provoke a right-wing reaction in West Germany. The most detailed coordination was needed between the Four Powers in Berlin, the West Germans (FRG/BRD) and the East Germans (GDR/DDR). Would everyone sing from the same sheet music? Was one of the six governments double-dealing? Or were they all? Brandt acted in a time when inaction might have seemed safest.

 Midpoint of the Cold War

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